Rocks are books, as long as you know how to read them. The next time you see a geologist looking at a rock crop, remember he or she is actually ‘reading’ the rock history.
Personally I know that people do not seem to understand what geologists actually do on their field trips. In addition they do not seem to realize the significance in ‘rock reading’.
Yet this action of geologist ‘reading’ rocks is the beginning of many in the history of man. Many inventions started with geological mapping, such as mining. In addition we now know a lot of natural disasters because of studying rocks.
Listed a below are the actions geologists do on the field while reading rocks and how to translate them if you ever see them.
Rock and mineral collection
The most important work of a geologist is to know the name of the rocks. Therefore geologist needs to study them. Sometimes it is enough to see it, especially if the geologist has experience.
But if it is not possible to observe rocks with a naked eye, a magnifying glass makes it easier to see mainly crystals of minerals.
However most the times geologist takes samples of rocks and minerals to study them in the laboratory. That is why a geologist is carrying a geological hammer, to dig out a sample of the rock.
There there are many different analyses to find different things about the rocks, such as chemical composition or examination under the microscope.
These many investigations for rocks and minerals help geologist to learn about the rock identity. Finally this will help to learn about the rock history: how it was made and where it traveled through.
This is why rocks are books for geologists, and they can be for everyone interested to learn.
Measuring the angle of rock dipping
Another feature that a geologist is observing is the angle that the rock is dipping. If you stand on a road crop where the rock is cut, you can notice sometimes that it has layers. In more specific the layers are parallel to each other and they are dipping in an angle in relation to the ground.
In order to measure the angle and the direction the rock is dipping, the geologist uses a compass.
This information is very important for a geologist and it consists a valuable puzzle for the geological storyline. In more specific it is a feature that tells the geologist what is happening under the ground surface.
That is why geology is complex. In order to tell the whole storyline of a place, a geologist needs to know the rocks that appear in the surface but also the ones that are underneath.
Rocks are books but the complete story is in geological maps.